–ѕа°±б>ю€ (*ю€€€'€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€€м•¬7 рњ0bjbjUU )7|7|€€€€€€lвввввввц>>>> Jц ґjjjjjjjjМОООООО$√ г ƒ≤вjjjjj≤"ввjj«"""j^вjвjМ"jМ"j"МввМj^ @ Mсе√цH>»ZММЁ0 МІ "І М"ццввввўTHE UN ROLE IN THE PERSIAN GULF CRISIS- 1990-91 WHY UN ACTED? UN ROLE? LESSONS/PRECEDENTS? REALIST: Threatened balance of Provided legitimacy to UN had little or no independent influence on the power, regional status quo, largest deployment of decision-making of states; U.S. manipulation of UN; INTERESTS of permanent military action since УPo$itive inducementsФ required to persuade other Security Council members WW II; enabled US to states to support collective security action: U.S. escape condemnation forgiveness of Egyptian loans; Patriot missiles to for excessive civilian Israel; promise of military hardware to Saudi casualties and damage Arabia; while Yemen punished for abstention with to infrastructure cut-off of US aid. LIBERAL: Uphold rule of law; Provided framework International cooperation possible when there is NORMS for collective action by commonly held belief in the rule of law; interdependence states; served pragmatic made states willing to fund IOs and their actions Уafter interests of governments; hegemonyФЧfinancial contributions of Germany and facilitated cooperation; Japan helped make collective action possible. showed advantages of multilateralism MARXIST: Legacy of imperialism; Benefitted US military- UN Уcollective securityФ used to liberate an anti- influence of global industrial complex, democratic, oil-rich kingdom with strong ties to capitalism multinational oil the capitalist west from an anti-West despot; UN companies, rich (and action carried out by US military force, funded by oil-rich) countries who Kuwait and Saudi Arabia (Germany and Japan can afford to buy paid for 1/3; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia 2/3); made protection world safe for monarchy, not democracy; SC 688 allow for UN Уhumanitarian interventionФ to override sovereignty of developing states for perceived human rights abuses. FEMINIST: Male decision-makers- Women, children UN priorities are УmasculineФЧe.g. more likely to use victimized by sanctions military force, sovereignty, territory; coercion and force to (UNSC 662 embargo), Gulf crisis УremasculatedФ U.S. military achieve control, then by missile strikes, and foreign policy after Vietnam. dominance bombs, damage to infrastructure and homes •¶ьхь 5Б\Б_H o(5Б\Б03ЧШСС%єL«»P ≈ ( Г  o ≈ « B Ћ [ щ Зъоммммммммммммммммммммммммм $Д∞ДA$^Д∞a$$a$юmY|}и\я[Іэээээээээээ '&P1Рh0∞а= ∞–/!∞`"∞`#Р–$Р–%∞ i8@с€8 NormalCJ_HaJmH sH tH <A@т€°< Default Paragraph Font8&@Ґс8 Footnote ReferenceH* €€€€03ЧШСС%єL«»P≈(Гo≈«BЋ[ щ З  m  Y | } и \ я [ІШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААШ0ААЪ0АА   BGёж і√пщУ Ч ї « Ѕ…"'DE÷№jmюСУгь”ў6?»”Z`і√ещW`ак† © > A ћ ѕ , 6 я д $ / h n ч ы t | ч ю s|мъ3333333333333333333333333333€€Marsha B. CohenMC:\WINDOWS\Application Data\Microsoft\Word\AutoRecovery save of Document1.asdMarsha B. CohenCC:\My Documents\INR 3502\THE UN ROLE IN THE PERSIAN GULF CRISIS.doc€@АHHЗd””HGа@€€Unknown€€€€€€€€€€€€GРЗ:€Times New Roman5РАSymbol3&Р З:€Arial"qИр–hдБfsдБfrдБfg,b !р`–ііББ2042ГQр€€/THE UN ROLE IN THE PERSIAN GULF CRISIS- 1990-91Marsha B. CohenMarsha B. Cohenю€ZаЕЯтщOhЂС+'≥ў0іШ†Ўдь$ <H d p | ИФЬ§ђд0THE UN ROLE IN THE PERSIAN GULF CRISIS- 1990-91HE Marsha B. CohenarsarsNormalBMarsha B. 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